The market town of Egremont in the Borough of Copeland lays at the foot of the Uldale Valley and Dent Fell, 5 miles South of Whitehaven and on the River Ehen. The town has a long industrial heritage which includes iron ore mining, dying and weaving. it has the remains of a Norman castle built in the 12th Century, and was given a charter for a market and annual fair in 1266 by King Henry III. However, modern times sees the towns economy built on tourism, and the Sellafield Nuclear Power Station.
Egremont is said to pre-date the Norman conquest, with the Danes being the first to establish a fort on the site of the Egremont Castle around the end of the 1000 AD. Robert the Bruce attacked the town in 1322 causing a many deaths amongst the towns people, however during more peaceful times the castle fell into ruins over the next 100 years. In 1565, to aid access to the town a stone bridge was built over the River Ehen, which was rebuilt again in 1683, by Edward Benn who had been given land with a provision that he must rebuild the stone bridge and maintain it from then onwards.
The well-known Egremont Crab Fair is held in September annually, and holds events such as the world-famous 'gurning', greasy pole climbing and Cumberland wrestling. The fair is said to be one of the oldest fairs in the world with its origins go back to 1267.
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